Birmingham Juvenile Intake office is staffed with seven juvenile probation
officers that have been sworn as magistrates. Their statutory function is to
initiate juvenile cases according to the Alabama Rules of Juvenile Procedure,
but they also receive criminal complaints and assist the public in filing of
Juvenile cases are in the matter of a "child" or "minor"
as these terms are defined by the Alabama Juvenile Justice Act ( § § 12-15-1
through 12-15176). A magistrate according to Alabama Rules of Juvenile
Procedure, Rule 12, must initiate every juvenile case. The magistrate
receives and evaluates juvenile complaints similarly to criminal complaints
and determines whether a petition will be filed to initiate a case before the
court. Code, § 12-15-50. The following are various types of juvenile cases:
where a child is alleged to have committed a crime. Code, § 12 15-30(a).
where a child is alleged to be subjected to abuse, neglect, a custody
controversy or inadequate care. Code, § 12-15-30(a).
in need of supervision, where a child is alleged to have committed a
juvenile status offense. Code, § 12-15-30(a).
where the child is otherwise before the court or to register or enforce
a custody decree of a juvenile court of another state. Code, §§
12-15-30(b)(1) & 30-3-23.
consent for a child's marriage, employment, enlistment or withdrawal
from school. Code, § 12-15-30(b)(2).
Compact on Juveniles, for interstate placement of delinquent children or
the return of juvenile interstate runaways, escapees or absconders.
Code, § 12-15-30(b)(3) & 44-2-1 el seq..
commitment of a child or minor to the Alabama Department of Mental
Health and Mental Retardation. Code, §§ 12-15-30(b)(4), 12-15-31(4)
of parental rights to a child. Code, § 12-15-30(b)(6) & 26-18-1 el
removal or medical treatment for a child. Code, §12-15-30(c)(I)
Violation of a child's rights in public school proceedings. Code, §
The magistrates of the Intake Office receive criminal complaints and issue
warrants for the following misdemeanor offenses under the jurisdiction of
of the Alabama Juvenile Justice Act. Code, § 12-15-31(l).
and non-support. Code, § 12-15-31(3).
of the compulsory school attendance laws- Code, § 16-28-21.
Proceedings. The Intake Office assists the public in the filing of the
following civil petitions in Family Court:
of a child. Code, § 12-15-3](2),
support. Code, § 30-3-60.
from abuse where there is no divorce pending. Code, § 30-5-2.
of parental consent for abortion- Code, § 26-21-4.
of disabilities of nonage of a minor- Code, § 12-15-30(b)(2) &
2618-1 et seq..
magistrates are on duty at the Family Court Courthouse and the Bessemer
Courthouse during county office hours. At least one magistrate is on duty or
on call at the G- Ross Bell Youth Detention Center at all other times for
emergencies. For further information please contact the Intake Office, in
Birmingham at 205-325-5454, in Bessemer at 205-481-4225, and on nights and
weekends at 205-325-5805.